Lilies are one of the most beautiful bulbous plants that we enjoy in our gardens. Their incredible variety of colors, shape and construction of flower and inflorescence, make possible to distinguish a great number of varieties from this specimen. These flowers have enjoyed great popularity among all gardeners. Quite often we can also hear about the collectors of these plants, who in addition to the cultivation and care, are also involved in breeding and culling of new varieties. All this thanks to the beauty that emanates from lilies. If we want to have them in our garden, we need to understand the basic principles of growing conditions and care. Below I describe exactly how to handle the lilies.
When choosing bulbs for planting lilies, we must be guided primarily by their appearance. They can not be soft, affected by rot or battered, as it increases the likelihood of total damage or an attack of various diseases. If you have already bought bulbs, we need to select the appropriate position. First of all, it must be a place sunny and warm. Well, it is sheltered from sudden gust of wind. The soil in which they feel best is the land fertile and humus, acidic with a pH of about 5.5. It should also be permeable, this location may not be water.
Planting date depends on the variety conditions. Lilies, which overwinter in the soil, should be planted in late September and October. Other species dunk in the spring. Planting depth should be about 10 – 15 cm, depending on the size of the bulbs (further inserted into larger bulbs.) The exception here is lily white, which you dunk a depth of 5 – 10 cm. The spacing between each specimen should be approximately 15 – 20 cm.
Fertilization and watering
Lilies are plants that feel good when they are fertilized and watered regularly. We use a compound fertilizer. Water should be provided in such quantities that the earth was not too soaked, and at the same time that it is not too dry. Therefore, the cultivation of these flowers are important drainage and mulch (bark, garden compost or peat).
Species lilies, which we leave for the winter in the ground, have coped well with the prevailing in our frosts. It is only important to plant them before the onset of cold weather. Dig them only every few years. Other varieties should rather pull up after flowering and dried on the plants every year. Bulbs stored in the dark, not too warm and not too humid room. Good for this purpose are the cellars, where there is too much humidity.
Diseases and pests
Lilies are exposed to attacks of various fungal diseases and viral infections. The most common of these are gray mold, mildew and rot lily base of the shoots or bulbs, we fight using appropriate anti-fungal sprays, as well as mottle virus, tulip, cucumber mosaic virus and tobacco leaf curl virus necrotic, with whom it is impossible to fight, and attacked the plants need dig up and burn.
Very often we find lilies pests that eat plant parts. The most common of these is poskrzypka lilac (red beetle with black legs; larva gray), thrips lily (dark brown insects), keel Lilian (mainly found in flower buds). With all the pests we deal with appropriate spraying.
The main way to get young bulbs of these plants, while the one who gives the guarantee receipt progeny plants with the same characteristics as maternal flower, is the separation of adventitious bulbs. We do it when they dig and prepare for hibernation.
Garden lilies are very beautiful flowers. Inflorescences of some varieties can be very large and can often produce several dozen flowers. Regardless of the variety, lilies are a great decoration for your garden, which is why it is useful to know the conditions of cultivation and care of these plants to be able to properly grow them in your garden.